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Full text of "ENGLAND. Report from London—Smallpox in Glasgow—Typhus fever in Manchester—Plague reports"

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Match 9»,V«a g52 

ENGLAND. 

Beportfrom London — Smallpox in Glasgow — Typhus fever in Manchester — 

Plague reports. 

London, England, March 9, 1901. 

SiK : I have the honor to make the following report for the week 
ended to-day : 

The smallpox situation in Glasgow continues grave. Daring the week 
there has been a further increase in the number of cases, and there were 
on March 8, 22 new cases, 1 death, and 446 patients in the hospital. 
There has been a total of 154 deaths since the beginning of the out- 
break. More vigorous measures are to be adopted to st^mp out the 
epidemic, including the employment of a large number of lay vaccina- 
tors who will make house-to-house visits in the infected districts for the 
purpose of revaccination. Up to the present time about 300,000 vacci- 
nations and revaccinations have been done out of a total population of 
about 800,000. Three further cases of smallpox have occurred in Edin- 
burgh, making a total of 4 cases. 

Only 1 case of smallpox was in the London fever hospital on March 
2, and there were no deaths from this disease in England for the week 
ended March 2. There have been no cases of plague reported in Great 
Britain during the week. 

Prom Cape Town, the news is of the rather rapid spread of the disease. 
Up to February 28 there had been 9 deaths, and since then a number of 
natives have been found dead from this disease, the cases having been 
concealed. A number of Europeans have also been attacked in the past 
week. 

In Mauritius, for the week ended February 21, there were 16 fresh 
cases of plague and 13 deaths. 

The transport AntilUon is reported to have arrived at Sydney, 
Australia, from Cape Town, with a case of plague on board. A case of 
plague was reported March 4 at Port Adelaide. On March 5 a fatal 
case of plague was reported from Perth, West Australia- 
Referring to my recent report regarding typhus in Manchester, I 
have to add that 25 farther cases of typhus have been discovered, bring- 
ing the total number of cases up to 60 with 9 deaths. AH the original 
Sources of infection have been rag sorters or tolmcco workers. 

EespectfuUy, A. B. Thomas, 

Passed Assistant Surgeon, U. 8. M. H. S. 

The Sukgeon-Gbneral, 

U. 8. Marine Hospital Service. 

GERMANY. 

Umperiments proving the possibility of infecting the embryo vMh tuberculosis 
without infecting the mother. 

Berlin, Germany, March 5, 1901. 
Sir : I have the honor to report the result of the recent experimental 
studies conducted by Dr. Friedrich Franz Friedmann in the Biological 
Institute of the University of Berlin, proving the direct infection of 
the embryo with tubercle bacilli, without infecting the mother. Clin- 
ical evidence has tended to prove the possibility of direct transmission 
of tuberculosis from the male, but it has been dilficult to exclude all